Stone is a tactile and versatile
material and it is an exciting experience to watch
finished stone emerge in multifarious forms from a
piece of rock. The processing of natural stone starts
at the quarry where a section of solid rock is found
and blocks are separated from it with as little damage
to the stone as possible.
Heavy equipment are used to transport the blocks
of stone from the quarry to the processing yard where
they are sawed into tiles and slabs. Secondary sawing
reduces the slabs into dimensional masonry. More intricate
work can be carried out on profiling saws and planing
and polishing machines and of course by hand. Hand
working of stone, however, retains an essential place
in the last stages of processing, when highly skilled
masons work the more detailed stones to their finished
Sophisticated methods bring better
results than brute force and modern technology can
be applied. The aim of using latest technology programs
is to make the sector more internationally oriented
and to solve the problems of quarrying and processing
so that the material which is of high quality and
needs little care could be more widely used in buildings
and other construction works. The natural surfaced
blocks are cut into pieces of varying thickness and
sizes, as required. The surface is then given the
required textures with different finishes.
Honed or polished surfaces are achieved by grinding
the cut face with successively finer grades of abrasives.
Sandstone and limestone are often available in honed
finish. Marble and other harder limestone can be polished.
To achieve the true color and pattern of natural stone,
polished surface is the most popular among different
types of stone surfaces as it does not change the
nature of the stone.